Empirical Evaluation of the Efficiency of Ecuadorian Banking Sector
This research constitutes the measurement of the efficiency of the Ecuadorian banking sector during the periods 1993-1999 and 2000-2018, applying the Data Envelope Analysis methodology, using the CCR and BCC approaches. The fixed asset and operating expense accounts were used as input variables for this purpose. The output variables were accounts receivable, income, investments and total deposits. Data were taken from monthly bulletins submitted by the different decision-making units to the Superintendencia de Bancos del Ecuador. The main findings indicate that the levels of efficiency during the 2000-2018 period were higher than in the 1993-1999 period. On average, during the first period, the banks had an efficiency ratio of 74.31%, according to the CCR approach, and 82.17%, according to the BCC approach. However, the efficiency levels during the second period reached 95.43% and 97.01%, respectively. In addition, the results show that large banks have a higher level of efficiency than smaller banks. However, medium-sized banks have the lowest level of efficiency. It should be noted that the data varies when analyzed according to the CCR approach. Furthermore, efficiency levels are generally associated with factors related to the country’s situation. This research is presented as one of the first studies on the analysis of efficiency in the Ecuadorian banking sector using this method.
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