Innovating in hard time. Spanish firms under pressure in the Cold War

  • Ángel Amado Calvo Calvo Universidad de Barcelona
Keywords: transfer of technology; multinationals; Compañía Telefónica Nacional de España; COCOM; microelectronics; exports control, Transferencia de tecnología, multinacionales, CTNE, COCOM, microelectrónica, control de exportaciones.


The article analyses the situation that confronted and answers that held various Spanish companies in high technology sectors during the Cold War, primarily due to two factors. On the one hand, under conditions of rapid technology changes on the Spanish companies were a clear technological dependency on multinationals. On the other hand, Cold War was interfering in trade relations with serious obstacles to the normal functioning of the market economy. This contribution fits into the integrative and interdisciplinary approach established by Segreto almost four decades after the work of Adler-Karlsson, considered as a pioneer in the field. The condition of Spain as a peripheral country and the diversity of the companies analyzed are important aspects to consider. The work updated bibliography and incorporates new primary sources, including the business and the official.


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Author Biography

Ángel Amado Calvo Calvo, Universidad de Barcelona

Profesor titular de la Facultad de Economía y Empresa en la Universidad de Barcelona. España.

How to Cite
Calvo Calvo, Ángel A. (2016). Innovating in hard time. Spanish firms under pressure in the Cold War. Harvard Deusto Business Research, 5(1), 60-85.